Vasyura A.S., Butеnko M.A., Kuzmin N.M. Boundary conditions for simulation of compressible gas by SPH method

 
 
Vasyura Anastasiya Sergeevna
 
Student, Volgograd State University
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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
 
Butenko Maria Anatolievna
 
Senior Lecturer, Department of Information System and Computer Simulation,
Volgograd State University
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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
 
Kuzmin Nikolay Mikhaylovich
Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Information Systems and Computer Simulation, Volgograd State University
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Prosp. Universitetsky, 100, 400062 Volgograd, Russian Federation
 
Abstract. The establishing of boundary conditions during numerical hydrodynamic modeling with use of Smoothed Particles Hydrodynamics (SPH) method is described.
Three types of boundary conditions are described: solid wall, flowing and boundary substance — vacuum. 
For solid wall modeling at the border of area Monaghan virtual particles and Morris virtual particles are used. Monaghan virtual particles are particles placed at the border of the computational area in a single layer. Their parameters are unchangeable with time. And between virtual particles and gas particles some interaction potential is set, the gradient of which is included into rate equation as additional repulsive force. Morris particles are placed outside the computational area and at its border in several layers. These particles change their properties and participate in calculations together with gas particles but their location is unchangeable.
If the task presumes occurrence liquid or gas flow over the border, then it is necessary to set boundary condition of type «flowing». To simulate flowing it is necessary to calculate the particle’s behavior at the moment when it leaves the boundaries of computation area. If a particle leaves the border of computational area for a distance of δx, then this particle should be initialized by the initial parameters values and it should be located at the area of particles inflow at the distance of δx from the border of computational area. This method allows simulating liquid flow and does not allow particles to leave the boundaries of computational area.
Boundary substance — vacuum in computing by SPH method is not needed in special description unlike Eulerian methods. Because of the ideology of the method such boundary occurs naturally: particles at the border lack neighbor particles and interaction between them stops naturally — they leave continuous medium. Because of this peculiarity SPH-method is widely used for solving a wide class of astrophysical tasks, in which the method does not need additional calculation of boundary conditions and at the same time provides proper result. Two-dimensional SPH algorithm was implemented and tested. On basis of it we carried out modeling for the purpose of examination of correctness of setting of boundary conditions of different types.
The new result of our research is a nearest neighbor particles search algorithm for simulating of gas flowing over the border in that specific case of equality of gas inflow into computational area and gas outflow from it. 
 
Key words: smoothed particles hydrodynamics, numerical simulation, hydrodynamic, boundary conditions, search algorithm of neighboring particles.

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Boundary Conditions for Simulation of Compressible Gas by SPH Method by Vasyura A.S., Butеnko M.A., Kuzmin N.M. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Citation in English: Science Journal of Volgograd State University. Mathematics. Physics. №4 (23) 2014 pp. 53-69
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