Shagapov V.Sh., Chiglintseva A.S., Kunsbaeva G.A. On the Theory of Hydrate Formation in the Tubular Reactor at the Injection of Water Droplets and Gas

http://dx.doi.org/10.15688/jvolsu1.2016.1.4

Vladislav Shaykhulagzamovich Shagapov
Academician, Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Doctor of Physical and
Mathematical Sciences, Professor, Chief Researcher,
Institute of Mechanics and Engineering, Kazan Scientific Center, RAS
Lobachevskogo St., 2/31, 420111 Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan;
Institute of Mechanics, Ufa Scientific Center, RAS
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Prosp. Oktyabrya, 71, 450054 Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan

Angelina Sergeevna Chiglintseva
Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Associate Professor,
Birsk Branch of Bashkir State University,
Internatsionalnaya St., 10, 452453 Birsk, Republic of Bashkortostan;
Senior Researcher, Institute of Mechanics and Engineering, Kazan Scientific Center, RAS
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Lobachevskogo St., 2/31, 420111 Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan

Gulnaz Abdulkhakovna Kunsbaeva
Assistant Professor,
Sibai Institute (Branch) of Bashkir State University
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Belova St., 21, 453838 Sibai, Republic of Bashkortostan

Abstract. The paper presents a flow diagram of a tubular reactor used to form a hydrate by injecting gas and water droplets at temperatures and pressures that correspond to the condition of hydrate formation. The authors described theoretically the model and numerical results that are presented for possible hydrate in a horizontal channel. According to the mathematical model of the intensity of the hydrate formation the authors described gas diffusion theory, which suggests that the growth rate of the hydrate layer on the surface of the water bubble of gas is limited by diffusion to the boundary of the contact-hydrate water. 

As a result of numerical experiments and theoretical calculations presented in the work it was found that for different values of volume fraction of the droplets of water injected to the reactor, there are several possible modes of hydrate formation process:
1) The temperature in the reactor reaches an equilibrium value for a given pressure, wherein the water phase does not have time to go to completely hydrated state;
2) The water phase is completely converted into the hydrate, but the temperature in the reactor reaches an equilibrium value;
3) There is a full hydrate, and the temperature in the reactor is equal to the equilibrium temperature of hydrate formation.

Thus, providing appropriate thermobaric conditions and selecting the specific parameters for the hydrate-forming constituents entering the reactor, it is possible to achieve the best of its size and the most complete transition of the aqueous phase in the hydrate state.

Key words: hydrated particles, injection, water droplets, gas, hydrate formation, gas diffusion, tubular reactor, hydrate layer.

Creative Commons License
On the Theory of Hydrate Formation in the Tubular Reactor at the Injection of Water Droplets and Gas by Shagapov V.Sh., Chiglintseva A.S., Kunsbaeva G.A. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Citation in EnglishScience Journal of Volgograd State University. Mathematics. Physics. No. 1 (32) 2016 pp. 38-47

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